“Scripture Quotes,” [My Cliff Notes] and [ESV] Cross References
Ezra 3:1”When the seventh month came,” [the Jews celebrated the Day of Atonement, the Feasts of Trumpets, it’s called RoshHashanah today, and Tabernacles , now Yom Kippur. It was ten days known as the Days of Awe when people contemplated their position before God.]
[A] Nehemiah 8:1 And all the people gathered as one man into the square before the Water Gate. And they told Ezra the scribe to bring the Book of the Law of Moses that the Lord had commanded Israel.
Ezra 3:2 “Then arose Jeshua the son of Jozadak, with his fellow priests, and Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel with his kinsmen, and they built the altar of the God of Israel, to offer burnt offerings on it as it is written in the Law of Moses the man of God.” [the altar was placed on its base found where the ruined temple had stood.]
[D] Deuteronomy 12:5 & 6 …you shall seek the place that the Lord your God will choose out of all your tribes to put his name and make his habitation there. There you shall go, and there you shall bring your burnt offerings and your sacrifices, your tithes and the contribution that you present, your vow offerings, your freewill offerings, and the firstborn of your herd and of your flock
Ezra 3:3 “They set the altar in its place, for fear was on them because of the peoples of the lands, and they offered burnt offerings on it to the Lord,” [they recognized the first priority for their safety, before any act of dedication to God, was to place the altar to provide the people a place of atonement for their sins AND be a visible sign to the faithless people of the area of their intent to rebuild what had been destroyed.]
[F] Ezra 4:4…the people of the land discouraged the people of Judah and made them afraid to build.
Ezra 3:4 “And they kept the Feast of Booths, as it is written, and offered the daily burnt offerings by number according to the rule, as each day required,” [This feast celebrated how God had brought them out of Egypt long ago. Being forced to live once again in temporary shelters to celebrate this feast in a desolate place was a reminder of the faithfulness of God in the past and His active presence in their future.]
[H] Zechariah 14:16 Then everyone who survives of all the nations that have come against Jerusalem shall go up year after year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Booths.
Ezra 3:6 “From the first day of the seventh month they began to offer burnt offerings to the Lord. But the foundation of the temple of the Lord was not yet laid.” [The walls of the temple needed a foundation but without the altar in place there, it could never be the house of God.]
Ezra 3:8 “Now in the second year after their coming to the house of God at Jerusalem, in the second month, Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel and Jeshua the son of Jozadak made a beginning, together with the rest of their kinsmen, the priests and the Levites and all who had come to Jerusalem from the captivity. “
[R] 1 Chronicles 23:24 These were the sons of Levi by their fathers’ houses, the heads of fathers’ houses as they were listed according to the number of the names of the individuals from twenty years old and upward who were to do the work for the service of the house of the Lord.
[S] 1 Chronicles 23:4 “Twenty-four thousand of these,” David said, “shall have charge of the work in the house of the Lord,
Ezra 3:10 “And when the builders laid the foundation of the temple of the Lord, the priests in their vestments came forward with trumpets, and the Levites, the sons of Asaph, with cymbals, to praise the Lord, according to the directions of David king of Israel.” [It was a grand ceremonial dedication of thanks for restoration to their homeland and the opportunity to rebuild the house of God.]
[W] 1 Chronicles 6:31 These are the men whom David put in charge of the service of song in the house of the Lord after the ark rested there
Ezra 3:11 “And they sang responsively, praising and giving thanks to the Lord, “For he is good, for his steadfast love endures forever toward Israel. And all the people shouted with a great shout when they praised the Lord, because the foundation of the house of the Lord was laid.” [This time standing amid the still desolated site with no ark of the covenant and no walls, they ‘made a beginning together,’ offering the best of what they had to God.]
[X] 1 Chronicles 16:34 Oh give thanks to the Lord, for he is good; for his steadfast love endures forever!
Ezra 3:12 &13 “But many of the priests and Levites and heads of fathers’ houses, old men who had seen the first house, wept with a loud voice when they saw the foundation of this house being laid, though many shouted aloud for joy, so that the people could not distinguish the sound of the joyful shout from the sound of the people’s weeping, for the people shouted with a great shout, and the sound was heard far away.” [Many years had passed. Some who were old enough to have seen the first temple, wept tears of grief over the irreplaceable things of glory that had been lost forgetting the sin that had led to their exile. Others who were young, never knowing anything other than exile and longing for a proper place of worship, rejoiced over the promised glory of God in this “new” foundation.]
Zechariah 8:7 & 8 Thus says the Lord of hosts: Behold, I will save my people from the east country and from the west country, and I will bring them to dwell in the midst of Jerusalem. And they shall be my people, and I will be their God, in faithfulness and in righteousness.”